Hepatitis C is a liver disease triggered by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can induce both acute and chronic hepatitis, ranging in intensity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, ongoing illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Globally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A great number of those who are chronically infected will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die annually from hepatitis C, typically from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral drugs can cure more than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, consequently reducing the possibility of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but easy access to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is presently no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this field is continuing.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is in most cases asymptomatic, and is only very almost never (if ever) linked with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will cultivate chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your primary internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this hard-working, supersized organ is prone to an often hard-to-diagnose and dangerous condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease here - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the existence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most common liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease raises your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can lead to an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as website 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH get more info can cause scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking a lot of alcohol can cause fat escalation in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main offender is excessive weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is related to dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a regular diet of more highly processed foods and high amounts of carbohydrates, coupled with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. She adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these risk factors, which suggests that genes can play an important role.
Developing healthy eating habits isn't as difficult or as limiting as many people imagine. The essential steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Start on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.